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Bahan Ajar Mata Kuliah Bahasa Inggris II

2nd English Sri Kentjana (48.5 KB)
This topic was taught by Dr. Drg. Sri Kentjananingsih Molecular Diagnostic The success of modern medicine and agriculture often depends on the ability of workers in these fields to detect the presence of specific viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasitic, proteins, and small molecules in humans, animals, plants, water, and soil. For example, the prevention, control, or treatment of infectious disease is generally facilitated by the early and accurate identification of the causative pathogenic organism. Many of these detection procedures require the growth in culture of the potential pathogen and subsequently the analysis of a spectrum of physiological properties that facilitate its identification. Although tests of this type are effective and reasonably specific, they are often slow and costly. In addition, if the pathogenic organism does not grow well or cannot be cultivated at all, the opportunity to detect the disease-causing organism is severely limited. Chlamydia trachomatis, an obligate intracellular parasite, causes a sexually transmitted disease prevalent in North America and Europe. Clinical diagnosis of chlamydial infection is difficult, because long-term cell culture is required. Frequently, false-negative results (i.e., the diagnosis of the absence of the organism is erroneous) are obtained, and consequently adequate treatment procedures are not implemented. Certainly, if growth is required
Bahan Ajar Bahasa Inggris II Bagian III (120 KB)
PARAGRAPH STUDY Dividing Information According to the Level of Generality Read the following paragraph about families. Then look at the following diagram. There are basically two types of families: nuclear families and extended families. The nuclear family usually consists of two parents (mother and father) and their children. The mother and father form the nucleus, or center, of the nuclear family. The children stay in the nuclear family until they marry. Then they form new nuclear families. The writer organizes the information i9n this paragraph according to the level of generality. The diagram shows three levels of generality in the paragraph. We find the most general information at level 1: a general statement about families. At level 2, we find a more specific statement about one type of family, the nuclear family. The most specific information is at level 3. Here we find specific statements about the parents and the childeran in the nuclear family. Topics A good reader always asks: "What am I reading about? "what is the topic?" EXAMPLES: 1. Find the topic The topic is _____________ The other words are names of ____________________ 2. Find the topic The topic is _____________ The other words are names of ____________________ 3. Find the topic The topic is _____________ The other words are names of ____________________ 4. Find the